Ok, need some help. We are trying to research to find out what is needed to start a new pack. I know we need a CO, COR, 3 committee members, a cub master & a den leader plus 5 boys.
Who approves the charter? is it national or the local council? Can a charter be denied b/c there is already another pack in town? Does it hinge on the local council's approval? Are many charters denied?
Your local council approves the charter
A council scout executive is the decision maker on charter approval, and he/she may take input from the local DE.
I don't have statistics on the number of charters denied, but since the number of units is a metric that the professional scouters get measured on, it seems unlikely. There have been rumblings about denying charters to organizations specifically set up to run a scout unit, like "Friends of Troop 1234" but I haven't heard much about that lately. Those usually happen when a group of parents and a charter org have a falling out.
What you really want to do is meet with the district commissioner and district executive, they should be eager to help you.
Ok, so you want to start a pack. That's great. Make it a good pack, make a commitment to making it work and everyone get training and cross training. The committee should understand the cubmaster and den leader roles, and vice versa. Go beyond the online training and attend the local pow wow and/or university of scouting.